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apotheosis in Sala Baganza
Private pavilion of the Duke Antonio Farnese’s apartment.
The Hall of Apotheosis, mentioned in ancient documents as the Sala dell’Udienza, was frescoed by the internationally renowned painter Sebastiano Galeotti: the pictorial cycle, with a profane subject, is one of the largest and most important achievements carried out by the artist.
This will be followed by the private collection “The first pages of history”, inaugurated in early September 2019 by the Merusi family in the Farnesiane cellars.
Apoteosi del Galeotti - main hall
From the main door, looking at the west wall, the end of the Golden Age appears and the beginning of the next. The man, personified by Trittòlemo, learned from Demeter, who sits next to him, to work the land and to enjoy its fruits, which he believes to be full of a cornucopia and which lie at his feet in the form of put blondes. A putto holds out a basket of flowers that also fill a second cornucopia next to the goddess, alluding to the pleasures of life conquered with work. Hera, the great Greek deity of the sky, royally dressed and flanked by a cherubim, is depicted in the act of granting favors to the Earth, pleading with her messenger Demeter, while a pair of peacocks – her sacred animal – are held by a female figure winged overhanging the group. The symbolic Pandora’s box lies on the ground sealed, together with the cup of Youth, alluding to the evils imprisoned and the happiness of man not yet affected.
To the north, Mercury, the Reason, converses with Apollo, god of Light and protector of Poetry and the Arts, Diana, Sacred Love, indicates the eagle of Jupiter carrying the laurel woven by Honor and, at the top, Venus, Profane Love, is united with Mars, Active Intellect, which is counterpointed by a pair of tubant doves.
To the east, opposed to the manual work of man, are the Arts, the fruit of the Intellect. The lily of the Farnese, under which the Duchy had enriched itself with so many masterpieces, is placed between the Grammar – medieval symbol of the Liberal Arts – and Sculpture; Painting looks to poetry and architecture is seated not far from geography. The group is dominated by Music and Theology, the science of divine things, seated on a blanket of clouds in the act of writing on a large book supported by two cherubs, while a third raises in flight the symbolic circle of Eternity formed by a snake. biting its own tail.
The cycle is about to end: the Intellect of man, depicted by the young Hercules in armor with the club at his side, carried by a pair of cherubs while others crown him with flowers, and surrounded by the theological and cardinal Virtues, can now turn look at the Eternity of Time seated in the depths of the sky, flanked by Saturn-Cronos who reigned over the Golden Age, in the act of breaking the scythe with which he razed all lives to the ground, while a putto lights the shining star of the Fame which man reaches through Virtue, Work and Science. Behind the male Fortress in armor and helmet which leans on the lion and stands on a truncated column, two of the theological Virtues are seated: Charity and Hope. The third, Faith, with the cross and the symbol of the Eucharist, is represented next to the central figure, followed by Justice with the scales at its feet. Temperance holds the reins, warning and symbol of the control exercised both in adverse situations and in propitious ones and is here combined with Prudence with the mirror indicating self-knowledge, while a putto holds a snake alluding to the desire for knowledge moderated by reflection.
the first pages of history - private collection
Inaugurated in early September 2019 by the Merusi family inside the Farnesiane cellars. You will be able to discover the front pages of national and local newspapers covering historical events from 1935 to 1948. The collection is framed by some Berkel slicers and motorcycles from the historical period of reference.